BSc from Moscow State University
MSc in microbiology from Moscow State University
MSc and PhD in immunology from Brunei University.
Worked at Saint Mary’s
Hospital in London
Became a professor in microbiology and immunology at UNZA in 1993
Worked as Head of Pathology and Microbiology at UTH
Served as Health Minister in 1999, Minister of Transport and Communications from 1999–2001 and acted as Finance minister in 2013.
Appointed Minister of Local Government and Housing
Became Minister of Chiefs and Traditional Affairs from 2014–2015
Adopted as President of the Women Parliamentary Caucus
Became Higher Education Minister before moving to
Ministry of Livestock up to 2021.